Eye disease · Overview

Ophthalmological diagnoses at a glance

Ophthalmological diagnoses at a glance

Dr. med. Ken Selde

FMH specialist doctor for ophthalmology and eye surgery

Our eyes are an important part of our body and play a crucial role in our daily lives. When problems arise with our eyes, it is important to see an ophthalmologist quickly to get an accurate diagnosis and treatment. In this post, we will look at the different diagnostic options available at the ophthalmologist and share some important information about common and rare conditions. 


The most common diagnoses include myopia, hyperopia, astigmatism and presbyopia. These conditions can be detected by a simple eye test diagnosis. 

Short-sightedness, also called myopia, is a refractive error that causes blurred vision at a distance. Farsightedness, also called hyperopia, is the opposite of nearsightedness and you have blurred near vision. Astigmatism is a refractive error in which the cornea or lens has an uneven curvature, resulting in blurred vision. Presbyopia is an age-related refractive error in which the elasticity of the lens decreases, causing blurred near vision. 

Other common diagnoses are conjunctivitis, dry eye and astigmatism. Conjunctivitis is a condition of the conjunctiva that surrounds the eyes and can cause pain, redness and increased sensitivity to light. Dry eye is a condition where the eyes do not produce enough tears, which can cause dryness, irritation and vision problems. Astigmatism is a refractive error in which the cornea is irregularly shaped, resulting in blurred vision. 


Rare diseases 

There are also rare eye diseases, such as retinitis pigmentosa, an inherited retinal disease that can slowly lead to blindness. Although these diseases are rare, if you have certain symptoms such as night blindness or sensitivity to light, they should be checked by an ophthalmologist immediately. 


Special caution for certain diseases 

Special caution should be taken with some medical conditions. These include diabetes and high blood pressure, which can cause damage to the eyes. Regular examination by an ophthalmologist is therefore particularly important for these conditions. Another disease that requires special caution is glaucoma, or glaucoma. This is a gradual loss of vision due to increased intraocular pressure. If this disease is not detected and treated early, it can lead to blindness. 

It is important to have regular check-ups with an ophthalmologist to detect and treat possible eye diseases early. While some conditions are common, there are also rare conditions where extra care is needed. If you notice any problems with your eyes, do not hesitate to see an ophthalmologist. Early diagnosis and treatment can be crucial to preserving your vision. 


If you would like a consultation or an examination by an experienced ophthalmology professional, please feel free to contact us. Our practice offers state-of-the-art technical equipment and an experienced team. We look forward to your visit!